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    The computer History of the computer



    عدد المساهمات : 10329
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    تاريخ التسجيل : 08/04/2009
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    The computer History of the computer

    مُساهمة من طرف GODOF في الأحد 7 مارس - 19:09

    Who invented the computer?" is not a question with a simple answer. The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.

    This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers.

    Computer History
    Computer History
    Computer History
    Description of Event
    1936 Konrad Zuse - Z1 ComputerFirst freely programmable computer.
    1942 John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
    ABC Computer
    Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
    1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
    Harvard Mark I Computer
    The Harvard Mark 1 computer.
    1946 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
    ENIAC 1 Computer
    20,000 vacuum tubes later...
    1948 Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn
    Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube
    Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
    1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley
    The Transistor
    No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
    1951 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
    UNIVAC Computer
    First commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
    1953 International Business Machines
    IBM 701 EDPM Computer
    IBM enters into 'The History of Computers'.
    1954 John Backus & IBM
    FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
    The first successful high level programming language.
    (In Use 1959)
    Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric
    ERMA and MICR
    The first bank industry computer - also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
    1958 Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
    The Integrated Circuit
    Otherwise known as 'The Chip'
    1962 Steve Russell & MIT
    Spacewar Computer Game
    The first computer game invented.
    1964 Douglas Engelbart
    Computer Mouse & Windows
    Nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
    1969 ARPAnetThe original Internet.
    1970 Intel 1103 Computer MemoryThe world's first available dynamic RAM chip.
    1971 Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
    Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
    The first microprocessor.
    1971 Alan Shugart &IBM
    The "Floppy" Disk
    Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
    1973 Robert Metcalfe & Xerox
    The Ethernet Computer Networking
    1974/75 Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 ComputersThe first consumer computers.
    1976/77 Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet ComputersMore first consumer computers.
    1978 Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston
    VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
    Any product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
    1979 Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby
    WordStar Software
    Word Processors.
    1981 IBM
    The IBM PC - Home Computer
    From an "Acorn" grows a personal computer revolution
    1981 Microsoft
    MS-DOS Computer Operating System
    From "Quick And Dirty" comes the operating system of the century.
    1983 Apple Lisa ComputerThe first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
    1984 Apple Macintosh ComputerThe more affordable home computer with a GUI.
    1985 Microsoft WindowsMicrosoft begins the friendly war with Apple.

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأحد 24 سبتمبر - 1:18